President Donald Trump delivered his 2nd State of the Union address to Congress and the nation after a record-setting, 35- day partial federal government shutdown.
This was his very first time attending to the divided Congress, which now features a Democratic-controlled Home and the Republican-controlled Senate.
Our group of reporters from ABC News is examining a few of his statements, searching for extra context, information and information.
Here is ABC News’ reality check of the address:
Reality check No. 1— The U.S. is the number one producer of oil and gas
President Donald Trump:“We have actually unleashed a transformation in American Energy– the United States is now the primary producer of oil and natural gas worldwide. And now, for the very first time in 65 years, we are a net exporter of energy.”
Context:The United States is the world’s most significant producer of crude oil, producing close to 12 million barrels of petroleum daily (119 to be precise), according to the Energy Info Administration. Russia produced roughly 11.2 million barrels per day in December according to their Ministry of Energy, while Saudi Arabia produces 10.5 million barrels per day.
Patrick DeHaan, Head of Petroleum Analysis at GasBuddy points out that the process of sending in rigs and drilling test wells is a process that is measured in years. For several years now, brand-new drilling techniques including shale production have been boosting production. A relocation under President Obama likewise supplied a boost to production when in late 2015 Congress lifted the ban on exporting petroleum. That incentivized more production in the United States for sale overseas.
The EIA jobs that, for the very first time given that the 1950 s, the United States will export more energy than it imports by 2020, as boosts in petroleum, natural gas, and gas plant liquids production outpace growth in U.S. energy consumption.
— Zunaira Zaki
Fact check No. 2— Tax cuts
Trump:“We passed a huge tax cut for working families and doubled the child tax credit.”
Context:The GOP tax plan lowers taxes usually for all earnings groups at first, including middle-class Americans.
The average family will see a tax cut of $1,610 in 2019 according to the Tax Policy Center, a nonpartisan think tank. In general, many Americans– eight in 10, according to the center– will pay lower taxes this year.
However multiple independent analyses concluded that wealthier Americans and corporations will get the biggest advantage over the long term.
“In basic, higher-income households receive larger typical tax cuts as a percentage of after-tax income,” the center discovered. “On average, in 2027 taxes would alter little for lower- and middle-income groups and decrease for higher-income groups.” The majority of the specific income tax provisions will end after 2025, unless Congress acts. The corporate tax rate cuts are irreversible.
— Katherine Faulders
Truth check No. 3— Prescription drug rates
Trump:“Americans pay vastly more than individuals in other nations for the specific same drugs, often made in the specific very same location.”
Context:Last fall, the government released a research study that discovered Medicare– the federally run health care program for seniors– paid more than other developed countries for physician-administered drugs. While the accurate quantity varied by item, the study discovered that costs charged by those producers are 1.8 times greater in the U.S. than in other nations.
Trump has actually proposed that Medicare only consent to pay costs based upon cheaper costs paid by other countries. It is among several proposals he’s made in current months in a bid to drive down expenses, although that proposition would not occur for another year approximately.
The drug market had slammed the technique, contending that the cash paid goes towards ground breaking research that benefits Americans initially. According to one industry group, Americans have access to cancer medications usually 2 years earlier than in countries like the United Kingdom, Germany and France. Industry executives likewise say it’s not reasonable to compare what the U.S. spends for drugs compared to people in nations with interacted socially health care systems.
— Anne Flaherty
Truth check No. 4— Americans are murdered by “prohibited aliens”
Trump:“Every year, many Americans are killed by criminal prohibited aliens.”
Context:According to U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement data, over the past 2 years, there were almost 4,000 arrests made for individuals both founded guilty of– and merely charged with– homicide amongst immigrants released into ICE custody for deportation– but the homicides might’ve been committed over any variety of years.
More typically, the president’s speech referenced 266,000 arrests of undocumented immigrants with criminal records over the previous 2 years, a number that primarily includes immigrants who were founded guilty of criminal offenses in the past, and maybe served prison time prior to they were launched into ICE custody.
— Cheyenne Haslett
Truth check No. 5— Drug price decline
Trump:“As an outcome of my administration’s efforts, in 2018 drug costs experienced their single largest decline in 46 years.”
Context:According to the Customer Cost Index, that dip is.62 percent, taking a look at data gathered on Dec. 2017 to data from Dec.2018 Last fall, an Associated Press analysis analyzed the market price for some 26,000 brand-name drugs and found 96 rate walkings for every single one cost cut.
What Trump can point to in favor of customers is an aggressive push by the U.S. Fda throughout his administration to authorize generic drugs. White House advisors in an Oct. 2018 report approximated that the current approval of generic drugs has actually led to $26 billion in savings for consumers that would have otherwise needed to choose trademark name drugs. Amongst those authorized under Trump was the very first generic variation of EpiPen, the lifesaving auto injector used to deal with emergency situation responses. EpiPen injectors went from costing $100 in 2009 to $600 in2016
And while out-of-pocket spending for prescription drugs stayed primarily flat in 2017– Trump’s first year in workplace– out-of-pocket physician and medical facility expenses increased.
Many of Trump’s concepts to drive down drug costs have not worked yet and are still winding their way through the rulemaking procedure. One proposal would overthrow the normal system of drug rebates when individuals purchase prescription drugs through Medicare or Medicaid. The plan would prohibit drug makers from offering discounts or refunds to “pharmacy advantage supervisors” that administer drug strategies. Rather, the producers would be motivated to offer refunds directly to consumers. Democrats pushed back, insisting they think the strategy will raise costs for customers.
Another proposal, announced last fall, is to limit what it pays for specific drugs for Medicare recipients by connecting the rate for some drugs to rates paid overseas. The step, which would be phased in over several years, would only use to specific kinds of drugs by means of Medicare that are administered by a physician. The drug market combated back and said the administration was discouraging development.
— Anne Flaherty
Fact check No. 6— Limiting legal migration
Trump:“I want people to come into our nation in the biggest numbers ever, but they need to can be found in lawfully.”
Context:Last fall Trump set the most affordable cap in the history of the refugee admission program– allowing just 30,000 a year. In previous President Barack Obama’s last year in office he proposed a cap of 110,000 in the middle of the height of the crisis in Syria. In 2017, the Trump administration permitted the 2nd fewest refugees ever.
Trump likewise won a fight in the Supreme Court to restrict all kinds of travel and migration from seven countries, five of which have Muslim majority populations. Just recently, the administration started selectively enforcing a brand-new policy at the southern border that needs migrants looking for asylum to wait in Mexico while their applications are processed. He has likewise called for the elimination of the diversity visa program, which generally grants as much as 50,000 immigration visas each year.
— Justin Fishel and Avery Miller
Reality check No. 7— New jobs and production
Trump:“We have actually produced 5.3 million new tasks and notably added 600,000 brand-new production jobs.”
Context:Almost 4.9 million jobs have actually been developed since Feb. 2017, consisting of 454,000 production tasks. The unemployment rate at 4 percent is at levels last seen in late 1999 and2000 The uptick in the joblessness rate in the most current tasks report was likely due to the fact that of the government shutdown. The joblessness rate in Nov. 2018 was 3.7 percent which was a level last seen in 1969, according to the Bureau of Labor Stats.
African American unemployment is at historical lows at 6.8 percent– however it has ticked up in recent months after hitting a lowest level of 6 percent towards the end of last year. Likewise, the Hispanic unemployment rate at 4.9 percent has ticked up from current lows of 4.4 percent toward completion of in 2015.
— Zunaira Zaki
Reality check No. 8— North Korea
Trump:“Our captives have actually come home, nuclear screening has stopped, and there has not been a rocket launch in 15 months. If I had not been chosen president of the United States, we would today, in my viewpoint, be in a major war with North Korea. Much work stays to be done, but my relationship with Kim Jong Un is a great one.”
Context:It is arguable whether Trump’s election has actually helped prevent a U.S.-North Korea war. No other president has actually strongly pursued diplomacy with North Korea’s leader, however, given that the end of the Korean War, no other president has so freely threatened the program.
The president is ideal that North Korea returned 3 captives in Might 2018 and swiftly expelled an American who unlawfully crossed the border into the nation in November. The program has actually likewise not carried out a nuclear test given that Sept. 2017 and has actually not test-fired a ballistic missile since Nov. 2017, minimizing the threat to U.S. troops and allies in the region.
However North Korea did carry out a weapons test in Nov. 2018, according to the country’s state media, although it did not include firing a missile. The regime has also said its nuclear capability is total and no longer requires testing. And satellite images have shown that North Korea has updated or expanded some ballistic rocket facilities.
A lot more significantly, the nation has actually not taken any concrete steps to dismantle its nuclear weapons program, something numerous other Trump administration authorities have actually admitted, including Vice President Mike Pence and Special Representative for North Korea Stephen Biegun. While the North Koreans state they have taken apart nuclear and missile engine test sites, they have actually not allowed outside inspectors in to confirm those claims.
The U.S. intelligence community continues to examine that the routine still sees nuclear weapons as vital for their survival and does not plan to eliminate them, with Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats stating recently, “North Korea will seek to maintain its WMD capabilities and is unlikely to completely offer up its nuclear weapons and production ability due to the fact that its leaders ultimately see nuclear weapons as important to regime survival.”
While he applauded his relationship with Kim Tuesday night, Trump was more ambivalent in a tweet recently, composing, “Good possibility of Denuclearization … Time will tell what will happen with North Korea.” Administration officials state in any case, what Trump has actually accomplished is historic because North Korea’s leader himself has concurred to “denuclearization.”
But what that term suggests, how it is accomplished and when remain a secret that the U.S. intends to start resolving at the 2nd Trump-Kim summit, which Trump announced will be Feb. 27-28 in Vietnam.
— Conor Finnegan
Reality check No. 9— Expense of war
Trump:“Our brave soldiers have now been combating in the Middle East for almost 19 years. In Afghanistan and Iraq, almost 7,000 American heroes have offered their lives. More than 52,000 Americans have actually been terribly injured. We have invested more than $7 trillion dollars in the Middle East. As a prospect for president, I promised a new technique. Great nations do not combat limitless wars.”
Rating:DOING NOT HAVE CONTEXT
Context:A Brown University research study launched in Nov. 2018 estimated the U.S. has up until now spent $5.9 trillion on wars and military action in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq and Syria because 9/11, consisting of war-related spending by the State Department, past and obligated costs for veterans’ care, interests on the financial obligation incurred to spend for the wars and expenses by the Department of Homeland Security to prevent and respond to terrorism.
Another study, published in 2016, calculated that the U.S. had already spent or obliged $4.6 trillion on the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan and Syria, on Homeland Security, and for veterans’ care through2053 That study, by Brown University, determined an additional $3 trillion in interest to reach $7.9 trillion, but that loan has not yet been invested, as Trump claimed.
The most current Congressional Budget Workplace study approximated in 2014 that the expense of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan cost $1.6 trillion from 2001 to2014 But numerous studies state the largest parts of the U.S. costs have yet to be paid, consisting of for veterans care, changing military hardware and interest on the financial obligations incurred.
— Conor Finnegan
Reality check No. 10— Drug deaths
Trump:“Tens of thousands of innocent Americans are eliminated by deadly drugs that cross our border and flood into our cities– consisting of meth, heroin, drug and fentanyl.”
Context:Law enforcement officials state this number is anticipated to increase. As a basic matter, the Mexican cartels control practically all the heroin trafficking in the United States. Mexican drug trafficking organizations dominate the marketplace for circulation and production.
According to the 2018 Drug Enforcement Administration National Drug Danger Evaluation, “Most of the circulation [of heroin] is through POVs (independently owned automobiles) going into the United States at legal ports of entry, followed by tractor-trailers, where the heroin is co-mingled with legal products.”
Other methods of getting drugs in the nation from Mexico are by water, by air and through other borders, but those methods represent only a little percentage of the heroin seized by the U.S.
The fast boost in the variety of drug deaths in the last few years is mostly attributable to fentanyl. But the fentanyl is primarily coming through the points of entry at the southwest border and it’s not simply entering the nation there– China is a significant source of fentanyl as well.
— Jack Date
Reality check No. 11Food stamps
Trump:“Nearly 5 million Americans have actually been taken off food stamps.”
Context:Enhanced work mandates have actually been carried out in a number of states, which have gotten rid of some individuals from food stamps based upon their extended absence of work.
For instance, when a new deadline came around in Georgia in April 2017, countless people were no longer part of the program– over night– since they did not get work. There has actually been dispute over work requirements– which is a federal required– however the Trump administration in Dec. 2018 proposed to eliminate some authority of states to release waivers for some in the program, unless an area’s joblessness rate surpasses 7 percent– a relocation to cut billions of dollars from the program over 10 years, according to the U.S. Department of Farming.
— Kris Schneider
This is an establishing story. Please examine back for updates.