SAN FRANCISCO (AP)– President Donald Trump is moving fast to spend billions of dollars to construct a wall on the Mexican border with loan secured under his declaration of a nationwide emergency, but he first should get past the courts.

On Friday, a federal judge in Oakland, California, will think about arguments in two cases that look for to obstruct the White Home from spending Defense and Treasury Department loan for wall building and construction. California and 19 other states brought one claim; the Sierra Club and Southern Border Communities Union, represented by the American Civil Liberties Union, brought the other.

On Thursday, a federal judge in the nation’s capital will consider a quote by the U.S. House of Representatives to avoid Trump from spending any Defense Department loan for a border wall.

At stake is billions of dollars that would permit Trump to make significant progress on a signature project assure heading into his campaign for a second term.

The president’s adversaries say the emergency declaration was an unlawful attempt to ignore Congress, which authorized far less wall spending than Trump desired. Trump grudgingly accepted congressional approval of $1.375 billion to end a 35- day government shutdown on Feb. 15 however declared an emergency situation in almost the exact same breath. The White Home states it has actually determined as much as $8.1 billion that it might spend.

Trump’s actions “total up to a usurpation of Congress’ legal powers in violation of bedrock separation of powers concepts embedded in the Constitution,” the state lawyers general composed.

The administration argues that the president is protecting national security interests as unprecedented numbers of Central American asylum-seeking households reach the U.S. border with Mexico.

” The increasing rise of migrants, the greatest in over a years, has positioned a remarkable pressure on the restricted resources of the Department of Homeland Security and intensified the dangers to surround security, public safety, and the security of the migrants themselves,” the Justice Department said in a court filing.

The courtroom face-offs come amid a flurry of activity to accelerate wall building and construction. Kenneth Rapuano, an assistant secretary of defense, said in a court filing last month that work on the highest-priority, Pentagon-funded jobs– in Yuma, Arizona, and in New Mexico– might start as soon as Might 25.

The Defense Department transferred $1 billion to border wall coffers in March and another $1.5 billion last week. Patrick Shanahan, the acting defense secretary, might choose as quickly as Wednesday whether to transfer an additional $3.6 billion.

Last month, the Army Corps of Engineers granted a $789 million contract to SLSCO Ltd. of Galveston, Texas, to change 46 miles (74 kilometers) of barrier in New Mexico, spent for by Pentagon funds.

On Wednesday, Barnard Building And Construction Co. of Bozeman, Montana, won a $1418 million agreement to replace 5 miles (8 kilometers) in Yuma and 15 miles (24 kilometers) in the Border Patrol’s El Centro, California, sector. Southwest Valley Constructors of Albuquerque, New Mexico, won a $646 million agreement to replace 63 miles (101 kilometers) in the Border Patrol’s Tucson, Arizona, sector. All of those projects are moneyed by the Defense Department, with building and construction expected to begin in as low as 45 days.

Likewise today, the Department of Homeland Security waived environmental impact and other reviews to replace wall in California and Arizona under a law that gives the secretary sweeping powers to spec construction.

The environmental waivers cover a 15- mile (24- kilometer) replacement in El Centro that is moneyed by the Homeland Security Department’s 2018 appropriations and was awarded in a contract to SLSCO last year. The administration said building and construction might start on that job as early as Saturday.

Aside from California, specifies taking part in the legal challenge are Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia and Wisconsin.

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Spagat reported from San Diego.

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